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Nearing the end of the Second World War, many Nazis began their escape from the forces of the Allies and the Soviets, finding sanctuary across the seas, most of which found shelter in Argentina under the administration of Juan Peron. Among the asylum seekers were many pilots of Germany & Italy, a few even having fought in Spain as part of the pro-Nationalist Condor Legion. Taking advantage of the situation, Peron employed them as his own “Condor Legion”, to train his Fuerza Aerea Argentina and to ensure his own position of power. Other contributors included many German scientists of jet technologies, leading Argentina’s air force into the jet age at the same time as the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, as well as bringing back to life the series of wonder weapons that were not yet brought to their full capabilities in the war. Moving the nation into a new superpower in the southern hemisphere, Peron was able to remain in control by the loyalty of the Legion; even into a conflict to unite his people against a common foe, in the First Malvinas/Falklands War.
The Pfeil "Arrow" was the final piston-engine fighter in use with the Condor Legion before the Me 262 Schwalbe. While the Schwalbe was being mass-produced in Argentina, the Condor Legion made use of quicker-built Pfeils for training Argentine pilots and patrol the country's borders, and were quickly retired after the arrival of the new jets.